Although Europe of the mid 20th century was divided it shared common aesthetics. All over Europe new governmental, institutional or social housing buildings began to emerge. While in the West Brutalism was an ethic (instead of aesthetic) of the new conscious generation of architects who where straight forward and rational in the Eastern Bloc it was the symbol of the new, progressive society. Meanwhile it has become a popular way to say a building is unpopular so one thing is sure – Brutalism is not everyone’s cup of tea
Hint: The term originates from the French word for „béton brut“ – raw concrete, a term that was often used by Le Corbusier.
Tirana, Pyramid of Tirana / Enver Hoxha Museum. Designed by Pirro Vaso, Klement Kolaneci, Pranvera Hoxha, and Vladimir Bregu, 1988.
Photo by Internauten Basis
Andorra la Vella, Capitol Building
Vienna, Wotrubakirche. Designed by Fritz Wotruba, finished by Fritz G. Mayr, 1976.
Photo by Funke
Minsk, National Library of Belarus. Designed by Mihail Vinogrdov, Victor Kramarenko. Designed in 1989 – Built in 2002-2006.
Photo by Andrii Zymohliad
Harelbeke, Saint Rita Church. Designed by by Léon Stynen and Paul Demeyer, 1966.
6. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tjentište, The Battle of Sutjeska Memorial Monument Complex in the Valley of Heroes. Designed by Miodrag Živković & Ranko Radovic, 1971.
Photo by marguerite
Shumen, Shumen Monument. Designed by Krum Damyanov and Ivan Slavov, 1981.
Photo by Klearchos Kapoutsis
Podgarić, Monument to the Revolution of the People of Moslavina. Designed by Dušan Džamonja, 1967.
Photo by tomislav medak
9. Czech Republic
Prague, Czechoslovak Federal assembly. Designed by Karel Prager, 1974.
Copenhagen, Herlev Hospital. Designed by Gehrdt Bornebusch in collaboration with Max Brüel and Jørgen Selchau, 1975.
Photo Jakob Steenberg
Tallin, National Library. Designed by Raine Karp, 1985–1993.
Photo by Erkki Lindpere
Vaasa, Huutoniemi Church. Designed by Aarno Ruusuvuori,1964.
Photo by Kotivalo
Paris, Les Choux de Créteil. Designed by Gerard Grandval, 1969 – 1974.
Photo by Paul Fleury
Tbilisi, Georgia Ministry of Highways. Designed by George Chakhava and Zurab Jalaghania, 1975.
Photo by Tinalomidze7
Velbert, Neviges Pilgrimage Church / Nevigeser Wallfahrtsdom. Designed by Gottfried Böhm, 1963-68.
Photo by seier+seier
Elliniko, Athens, Main Building of Hellenikon Airport. Designed by Eero Saarinen, 1959-63.
Budapest, Szell Kalman Ter Metro station (formerly Moszkva Ter). Designed by Czeglédi István, Székely László, 1972.
Photo by Christo
Reykjavík, Bakkaflöt 1 House. Designed by Högna Sigurðardóttir, 1968.
Dublin, US Embassy. Designed by JM Johansen, 1963.
Fregene, Casa Sperimentale. Designed by Giuseppe Perugini, late 1960s.
Mitrovica, Shrine to the Revolution (Monument to Fallen Miners). Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, 1973.
Photo by Adam Jones, Ph.D.
Jūrmala, Dubulti Station. Designed by Igors Javeins, 1977.
Druskinninkai, former Balneological Hospital. Designed by, A. and R. Silinskas, 1981.
24. Macedonia (FYROM)
Skopje, Central Post Office. Designed by Janko Konstantinov, 3 stages (1974, 1982 and 1989).
Photo by Dan
Chișinău, the “Romanita” Collective Housing Tower. Designed by Oleg Vronsky, 1978.
Kolašin, Spomen Dom. Designed by Marko Mušič, 1967.
Delft, Auditorium Building, Delft University of Technology. Designed by Van den Broek & Bakema, 1959-1966.
Photo by Nol Aders
Suldal kommune, Rogaland, Suldal I hydro power station. Designed by Geir Grung, 1965.
Photo by David Aasen Sandved
Kraków, Forum Hotel. Designed by Janusz Ingarden, 1978-1989.
Photo by Błażej Pindor
Lisbon, Calouste Gulbenkian Museum. Designed by Ruy Jervis d’Athouguia, Pedro Cid and Alberto Pessoa, 1968.
Photo by Mark Ahsmann
Bucharest, “Blocul Rotund” (Round building). Designed by D. Bădescu, 1978.
St. Petersburg, Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics. Designed by B. I. Artiushin and S. V. Savin, 1987.
Photo by Aleksandr Zykov
Belgrade, Genex Tower. Designed by Mihajlo Mitrovic, 1980.
Photo by Błażej Pindor
Bratislava, Slovak Radio Building. Designed by Štefan Svetko, Štefan Ďurkovič and Barnabáš Kissling, 1983.
Photo by Thomas Ledl
Ljubljana, Republic Square Skyscrapers. Designed by Edvard Ravnikar, 1983.
Madrid, Torre Blancas. Designed by Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza, 1969.
Photo by Xauxa Håkan Svensson
Stockholm, Bank of Sweden. Designed by Peter Celsing, 1976.
Photo by Arild Vågen
Chur, Holy Cross Church. Designed by Walter M. Förderer, 1969.
Photo by Sebastian F
Kiev, Crematorium. Designed by Abraham Miletsky, 1975.
Photo by localmodrnts
40. United Kingdom
London, The Alexandra Road estate. Designed by Neave Brown, 1970s.
Photo by Banalities